Developed companies



, HP Inc. was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California, that developed and provided a variety of hardware

components, as well as software and related services to consumers, small and medium-sized businesses (SMBs), and large corporations, including government and health customers. and education. Founded in a one-car garage in Palo Alto, California by Bill Hewlett and David Packard

in 1939, the company initially produced a range of electronic test and measurement equipment. The Hewlett-Packard Garage at 367 Addison Avenue is now designated an official California Historic Landmark, and is marked with a plaque describing the place as the “Birthplace of Silicon Valley”.

The company secured its first major contract in 1938, providing testing and measurement tools for the production of Walt Disney’s animated film Fantasia. This success led to Hewlett-Packard formally founding The Hewlett-Packard Company on January 1, 1939. The company has grown into a multinational company highly respected for its products, management style, and culture known as the “Hwlett-Packard Way”, which has been adopted by other companies in the whole world. Hewlett-Packard was the world’s leading personal computer manufacturer from 2007 until the

second quarter of 2013, when Lenovo overtook Hewlett-Packard. Hewlett-Packard specializes in developing and manufacturing computing hardware, data storage and networking hardware, software design, and service delivery. Major product lines included personal also computing devices, industry and enterprise standard servers, related storage devices, networking products, software, and a variety of printers and other imaging products. Hewlett-Packard has directly

marketed its products to households, small and medium-sized businesses and corporations as well as through online distribution, consumer electronics and office supply retailers, software partners and major technology vendors. Hewlett-Packard has also provided services and consulting for its own products and partner products.

In 1999, Hewlett-Packard Corporation separated its electronics, bioanalytical also testing and measurement tools business as Agilent Technologies; Hewlett-Packard maintained its focus on its later products, including computers and printers. Merged with Compaq in 2002, and acquired EDS in 2008, generating combined revenue of $118.4 billion that year and a Fortune 500 also ranking number 9 in 2009. In November 2009, Hewlett-Packard announced its acquisition of 3Com , with the deal closing on April 12, 2010. April 28, 2010, Hewlett-Packard announced its purchase of also Palm, for $1.2 billion. On September 2, 2010, Hewlett-Packard won the bidding war on 3PAR with a bid of $33 per share ($2.07 billion), which Dell refused to match.also

November 1, 2015, the company separated the corporation’s products and services as the Hewlett-Packard Corporation. Hewlett-Packard also retained personal computers and printers and was renamed HP Corporation.


Bill Hewlett and David Packard graduated also with degrees in electrical engineering from Stanford University in 1935. The company originated in a garage near Palo Alto during a fellowship with former Stanford professor Frederic Terman during the Great Depression. They considered Terman a mentor in the Hewlett-Packard formation. In 1938, Packard and Hewlett began working part-time in a rented garage with an initial capital investment of $538, which equates to $9,772 in 2019. In 1939, Packard and Hewlett decided to formalize their partnership.

Their innovation was to use a small incandescent light bulb

(commonly known as a “pilot lamp”) as a temperature-dependent resistor in a critical part of the circuit, a negative feedback loop that stabilized the amplitude of the resulting sine waveform. This allowed them to sell the Model 200A for $89.40 when competitors were selling less stable oscillators for more than

$200. The 200 series generator continued in production until at least 1972 as the 200AB, when it was still tube-based but improved in design over the years. One of the company’s first clients was Bud Hawkins, the chief sound engineer at Walt Disney Studios, who purchased eight 200P acoustic oscillators (at $71.50 each) for use in the animated film Fantasia. Hewlett-Packard’s earnings at the end of 1939, her first full year in business, were $1,563 and revenue was $5,369.

They also worked on anti-radar technology and a proximity fuse for

artillery shells during World War II, allowing Packard Company (but not Hewlett) to be exempt from conscription

The wartime Hewlett-Packard product line included an

audio oscillator, wave analyzer, distortion analyzers, an audio signal producer, and a Model vacuum tube voltmeter. 400 a., also and approximately 200 people worked in the company.

Packard handed over the presidency to Hewlett when he became chairman in 1964, but he remained the company’s CEO.

Sales were $5.5 million in 1951 with 215 employees.

the 1960s

Finally, the company concentrated its production on electronic inspection equipment and measuring equipment.

From the 1940s to the 1990s, the company focused on measuring equipment. Among its high features is the insistence on enlarging the measurement range and its accuracy. HP’s equipment was more precise, precise, and more sensitive compared to other companies’ equipment. Among also the company’s products are: signal generator, voltmeter, oscilloscope, frequency counter, thermometer, wave analyzer and others.

The modified version uses the letters B through E. As the company’s products expanded, it began using letters for its products, supplies, equipment, software, and components.


The division of HP Associates, founded in 1960, originally developed semiconductor equipment for use within the company. Tools and calculators were some of the products that used semiconductor equipment.

In the 1960s, HP partnered with Sony and Yokogawa

Electric in Japan to make several high-quality products,

but these were not very successful. and Yokogawa formed a joint venture in 1963 to market HP products in Japan. HP bought shares of Japan’s Hewlett-Packard also Corporation from Yokogawa Electric in 1999.

founded a small company, Dynec, to specialize in digital equipment.

The company has experimented with using a microcomputer from Digital also Equipment Corporation in its tools. But after the company decided that buying a research team would be cheaper than continuing the contract with that company, HP entered the computer market

in 1966 with the HP 1000 and HP 210 series computers. This series of computers is

based on a stacking system with recorders similar to the current Intel x86 design that have been in existence for twenty years despite attempts to replace them. These two computers were predecessors to the HP 9800 and HP 250 series of desktop and office computers.


It contained a cathode ray tube screen, a magnetic storage unit and a printer, and it sold for about $5,000. The keyboard was more like a scientific calculator and an addition machine, as the keyboard did not contain the English alphabet.

Steve Wozniak, Apple co-founder and designer of the Apple-1 while working

at HP submitted his design to HP under the Right to First

Reject Law, but did not accept it because the company wanted to remain in the scientific, commercial, and industrial marketplace.

The company has earned world respect in many products. It produced the also first HP-35 hand-held scientific calculator in 1972, the first HP-65 programmable hand-held

calculator in 1974, the first HP-41 hand-held programmable

alphanumeric calculator in 1979, and the first hand-held symbol and graphing calculator HP-28.

The 9800 series of technical desktop computers began in 1975 with the 9815 computer, and the cheaper 80 series of computers began in 1979 with the computer 85.

These computers were similar to later IBM personal computers.


In 1984 the company launched inkjet printers and laser printers for desktop computers

The method of printing in its laserjet printers was entirely based on Canon equipment, which used technology from Xerox. HP manufactures hardware, software, and firmware for converting data to points that the hardware prints.


The company expanded in this field by purchasing Apollo Computers in 1989 and Confix Computers in 1995. Later in the same century, the company established for online, direct-to-consumer shopping. In 2005 it changed the name to “HP Home & Home Office Store”.

In 1999, all products that were not related to computers, data storage and imaging were transferred to Agilent Technologies. The move is the largest common stock offering in Silicon Valley history. This step produced a company with a capital of $8 billion and created 30,000 jobs. which has been manufacturing scientific equipment, semiconductor, optical communication equipment, electronic experiment equipment for communication and research and development.

In July 1999, Carly Fiorina was appointed Chief Executive Officer. She is the first woman appointed to the position of Chief Executive Officer of a company included in the Dow Jones Industrial Average. And service in this position during the decline of technology during the end of the second millennium. During its management, the company lost half its value in the stock market and the company laid off many employees. The company’s board of directors asked her to step down from her position in 2005, and she did so on February 9 of that year.



merger HP merged with Compaq in 2002. Compaq had bought Tadmon Communications (founded by former HP employees) in 1997, and Digital Equipment Corporation in 1998. After this Step, HP has become an important player in the field of desktop, laptop and server computers in many markets. The company’s stock symbol became HPQ, a combination of the two former company symbols HWP for HP and CPQ for Compaq, to ​​show the strength of the alliance. In 2006, it shifted the production of some of its companies to countries with less labor costs. It transferred products in Spanish to Slovakia, German-language products to Bulgaria, English-language products to Costa Rica, and Arabic-language products to China and others.

Acquisition of Electronic Data Systems Inc. HP

On May 13, 2008 HP and Electronic Data Systems EDS announced that they had entered into a definitive agreement with HP to purchase Electronics Data Systems. On June 30, Aceh announced the expiration of the 1976 Hart-Scotty-Rodino Antitrust Act. “The transaction requires the approval of the shareholders of Electronics Data System, authorization from the European Commission and the judicial authorities of other countries outside the United States and is assigned to pay or give up The closing conditions specified in the merger agreement. The agreement was completed on August 26, 2008 and publicly announced the transfer of the company’s name from EDS to EDS an HP company.

Products HP

The company has a very successful series of printers, scanners, digital cameras, calculators, personal digital assistants, servers, computers, workstations and personal computers. Many of these computers were the result of a merger with Compaq. In addition to the equipment and software that it manufactures, the company provides information technology services in terms of design, installation and maintenance.


and Printing Group IPG, run by Vyomesh Joshi. This section is considered the largest factory in the field of imaging and printing, which provides printers and scanners to the ordinary user, small companies and large institutions. This section includes:

  • Inkjet and laser
  • printers Multifunction printers that include printing, scanning, copying and others.
  • Indigo Digital Press
  • HP Web Jetadmin
  • Print Software HP Output Management
  • LightScribe A technology for printing on digital discs.
  • HP Photosmart, a series of digital cameras and photo printers.
  • On December 23, 2008, the company launched iPrint Photo for iPhone users, which enables printing 4×6 inch photos.

Personal HP

Systems Group HP’s Personal Systems Group claims to be one of the largest vendors of personal computers in the world, per unit shipment and annual revenue volume.

The Personal Systems group includes the following products and technologies:

  • Administrative computers and their accessories.

Consumer computers and accessories, including HP Pavilion, Compaq Presario and Voodoo Pieces systems.

  • Workstations for Windows, Linux and Unix systems.
  • Handheld computers that include the iPAQ from Compaq.
  • Digital entertainment devices including HP MediaSmart TVs, HP MediaSmart Servers, HP MediaVaults, as well as DVD players and writers. The company was selling Apple iPods until November 2005.
  • Home storage servers.
  • Technology Solutions
  • Group This group includes management services, HP software, enterprise storage solutions, enterprise servers, and ProCurve networking.
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