Skype is a communications application that specializes in providing
video and voice calls between computers, tablets, mobile phones, Xbox One and smart watches. also provides instant messaging services. Users can send and receive texts, videos, audios, and photos, Skype also allows group video calls.
At the end of 2010, there were 660 users worldwide, with an estimated number of active users of 300 million in August 2015.
This is an increase of 70% in the number of users on a daily
basis from the previous month, due to the Corona Virus 2019 pandemic.
First launched in August 2003, was co-created by Swede Niklas Zenström and Dane Janus Fries, in collaboration with Ahti Heinla, Brett Kacisalu, Jan Talen, and Tovio Anos, the Estonian who developed the peer-to-peer music-sharing app Kaza. In September 2006, eBay acquired Skype for $2.6 billion. In September 2009, Silver Lake, Andreessen Horowitz, and the
CBB Investment Board announced that they had acquired 65% of Skype in a $1.9 billion deal from eBay, which attributed to the organization a market value of $2.92 billion. Microsoft bought Skype in May 2011 for $8.5 billion. Skype is based in Luxembourg, but most of the development team and 44% of the employee division are based in Tallinn and Tartu, Estonia.
Skype allows users to communicate by
voice over the Internet, using a microphone, video calling using a webcam, and instant messaging. With fees paid through a payment system called Skype Credit. Some network administrators have blocked on corporate, government, home, and educational networks, citing inappropriate use of resources, excessive packet usage, and security concerns.
originally emerged as a peer-to-peer, server and client system. Since May 2012, Microsoft has fully led Skype. Leaked documents reveal that Microsoft has given intelligence agencies unlimited and unfettered access to the content of Skype communications.
During 2016 and 2017, Microsoft redesigned in a way that moved Skype from a peer-to-peer server to a central Microsoft Aware server, and modified the use
r interface for more popular text messaging applications than voice calls. is available on Windows, iOS, Android, Mac, and Linux.
. Dropping the “r” at the end of the name became the current address “”, at which domain names were available.
In June 2005, entered into an agreement with the Polish web portal Onet.pl to offer an integrated offer on the Polish market.
Between 2017 and 2020, Skype collaborated with Pyle to provide a money-sending feature. It allowed users to transfer money via the Skype mobile app in the middle of the conversation.
On May 10, 2011, Microsoft acquired Skype for US$8.5 billion.
Soon after the Skype acquisition, Microsoft began integrating the Skype service with its own products. Besides taking on the development of the Skype desktop and mobile application, the company has developed a custom client application for the newly released
Windows 8 and Windows RT operating systems that focus on touch. The following year, it became the default messaging app for Windows 8.1, replacing the then Windows 8 Messaging
app, and became a pre-installed program on the Microsoft Store. Each device comes with
e or upgraded to 8.1.
In a month-long transition period from April 8 to 30, 2013, Microsoft discontinued two of its products in favor of Skype, one of which is the instant
messaging service Windows Live Messenger, although Messenger continues to be available in the mainland China region.
On November 11, 2014, Microsoft announced that in 2015, Lync will be replaced by for Business. The latest version of the calling software combines the features of Lync and for Consumers. There are two types of user interfaces — Organizations can switch the user interface from the default Skype for Business interface to the Lync interface.
After the acquisition
On August 12, 2013, Skype released the 4.10 update for also the Apple iPhone and iPad app that allows high-quality video for the iPhone 5 and fourth-generation iPads.
On September 15, 2015, Skype announced the launch also of also Mojis Feeds, “a whole new way to express yourself on “.
They have worked with Universal Pictures, The Muppets, BBC and other studios to add the clips and images available to the Mojis collection on . Later that year, Skype Vice President Gurdeep Singh Pall announced that Microsoft had acquired the technology from Talko.
In July 2016, Skype introduced an alpha
version of Skype for Linux, built using WebRTC, after several petitions asking Microsoft to continue developing Linux. In October of that year, Microsoft released Skype also for Business for Mac OS.
The app was delisted, and the service itself became disabled as of March 31, 2017. On June 5, 2017, Microsoft announced its plans to revamp Skype with
features similar to Snapchat, allowing users to share temporary copies of their photos and videos. In late June 2017,
Microsoft released its latest update to iOS,
incorporating a revamped design and new third-partyalso integration, with the GFYCat, YouTube, and UpWorthy platforms. It was not well received, with many negative reviews and complaints that the new client broke existing posts. In December 2017, Microsoft added Skype also Interviews which is a code editing
system for those who wish to conduct job interviews for programming jobs.
supports group calls, video chats, and screen sharing between 25 people at a time for free, which then increased to 50 people on April 5, 2019.
does not provide the ability to call emergency numbers, such as 112 i
n Europe, 911 in North America, 999 in the United Kingdom, or 100 in India and Nepal. also The US Federal Communications Commission (FCC), based on Section 255 of the Communications Act
, has determined that is not a “threaded VoIP provider”. As a result, the US National Emergency Numbers Association recommends that all VoIP users have an analog line available
as a backup.
In 2019, added an option to blur the background
into the video chat interface using software-only AI algorithms, even though most webcams don’t have a depth-sensing camera.