Windows XP is an operating system for personal computers
produced and developed by Microsoft and belongs to the Windows NT family of systems. It provides a high degree of security, stability, stability and efficiency,
as it is based on the Windows NT kernel – initially found in Windows 2000 -.
Upon its launch, Windows XP received positive reviews from
critics, who noted an improvement in performance – compared to Windows Millennium – and praised its simple, intuitive user interface, and improved hardware and multimedia support. Over time, it became the most widespread and widely used system around the world. One billion copies as of April 2014. . Windows XP remained the most popular operating system. Windows 7 did not surpass it in market share until late 2011. Support for the system stopped on April 8, 2014, after Microsoft stopped sending security updates to users. As of November 2016, Windows XP became the fourth most popular operating system among Windows after Windows 7, 8.1 and 10.
Neptune and Odyssey
Where their number was large and they were operational
programs such as postal communications, playing music, managing and displaying images, searching
the Internet, and displaying recently used contents. A primitive version of Neptune revealed the initial concept of an activity center with a user account interface, login screen, and several common functions with Windows XP.
The project has proven its strength over time, and Bill Gates
promised in 1998 that Windows 98 would be the last system to be based on DOS. On April 7, 1999, during a WinHEC conference, Steve Ballmer announced a new update for Windows 98, Windows Millennium. Windows Millennium came with new features and
additions such as “System Restore” and “Help and Support Center” and others, and these additions achieved success and were added to Windows XP.
In January 2000, shortly before the launch of Windows 2000, writer and tech critic Paul Throut stated that Microsoft had halted work on Project Neptune and Odyssey in
favor of a project it called Whistler as a code name, after a group of company employees spent their vacation in Whistler, Canada. The goal of the new project was to be a unified system for the business sector and individuals. During the WinHEC conference in April 2000,
Microsoft officially announced an early version of Whistler, where it demonstrated new features and software updates that came with Millennium. Windows General Manager Karl Stork confirmed at the
time that the new system would be for everyone, and that they would redesign the graphical user interface to be more simple and elegant.
In June 2000, Microsoft began the process of testing a beta version of the system. That version gave a general impression of what the new system would be, as it showed
some new features and a new design for menus and windows.
Microsoft released a beta version number 2296 on October 31, 2000. In version 2410 in January 2001, Microsoft first introduced Internet Explorer 6 and the product activation system. Bill Gates
spoke at the Consumer Electronics Show about the system and that it will be reliable and will be very
useful in offices and homes alike. In beta 2416 and 2419, Microsoft added
the final features of the system and introduced the last elements that made up its identity, such as the blissful virtual wallpaper.
As of June 2001, Microsoft has spent more than a billion dollars on
marketing and promoting its new system, and has indicated that it will cooperate with Intel and other computer hardware makers. The advertising campaign was titled “Get ready to fly,” but due to the events o
September 11, the name of the marketing campaign was changed
to “Yes You Can.” The US TV commercial featured Madonna’s song Ray
of Light and a Microsoft spokesperson said the song was chosen for its upbeat tone.
On August 24, 2001, version 6200 of Windows XP began arriving for manufacturers. Microsoft also distributed to company representatives during the launch event that it held on
its company’s campus, free copies of the system were distributed to them. The companies
were able to sell their XP machines starting September 21, 2001, while the system was available in retail stores on October 25, 2001. On that day, Microsoft announced the availability of two versions of the system, the home version and the professional version.
Its new features and features Windows XP
While retaining the basic elements of the user interface in previous versions
, Windows XP has a new visual character, after the increased use of alpha compound effects and
drop shadows and visual patterns, where the visual user experience became completely different and changed the operating system a lot. The user can specify if he wants these optical modes, and by default
the system sets the appropriate settings that fit the computer processor and graphics card. Also added to XP was ClearType, a new subpixel calling system that aims to improve the appearance of fonts on the LCD display.A new set of system icons has also been introduced. It is worth noting that the system’s default background is very famous, which is a landscape image in the Napa Valley in California, USA. The taskbar can now group programs with a detailed popup menu.
Infrastructure Windows XP
XP uses a preset method to optimize startup and applications during boot up. The system comes with a number of system management tools such as: Windows Installer, Windows Script Host, Defragmenter, Task Manager, DSC Command, Management Console, System Registry Editor, and Windows Device Leasing. Windows XP also introduced a copy protection system known as Windows Product Activation, in order to reduce system piracy and prevent unlicensed copies, as each system has its own unique number to activate it created by Microsoft, sent either via the Internet, telephone or written on disks. .
Network and the Internet Windows XP
Windows XP comes with a number of Internet and network programs, including Internet Explorer 6, Outlook Express 6, Windows Live Messenger, and MSN Explorer. Other features of Network Tools, Windows Firewall, and Internet Connection Sharing have also been added. It also supports IPv6, Terido tunneling, fax communication features, peer-to-peer networking, and most DSL modems, fixed Wi-Fi and roaming. It also added the feature of Remote Assistance and Remote Desktop, which allows users to link to remote computers over the Internet and take full control of applications, files and printers, or ask for help.
Disadvantages Windows XP
Due to its wide spread at the time, the viruses that infect it greatly increased, due to the focus of piracy on every widespread operating system.
A massive infringement of software rights.
It accepts almost all hardware specifications, and this is a good feature, but some experts consider it negative because it causes a lot of problems in applications.
Boot slow, and about half of Windows XP users experience slow boot ups.
Microsoft announced the complete discontinuation of support for Windows XP on April 8, 2014.